The most common myth is that prostate cancer is an "old man's disease," which is a half truth. Certainly, a man's chance of getting prostate cancer increases dramatically with age. That doesn't mean men under 70 don't need to get screened.
Two other myths are frightening, but false. One is that if a man has symptoms, he has prostate cancer. Absolutely not true. Benign prostate hyperplasia (enlarged prostate) is very common, very treatable, and is not cancer.
The other terrifying myth is that if a man gets diagnosed with prostate cancer, he's going to die. In reality, about 90 percent of men diagnosed annually are treated successfully, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).
Another myth is that prostate cancer treatments remove all sexual function and bladder control. While these effects are possible to some degree, they are by no means a certainty. New nerve-sparing and robotic surgeries produce fewer side effects and faster healing than previous methods.
The same good news applies to new radiation techniques like implanting tiny radioactive seeds to radiate a tumor, and "mapping" tumor size, shape, and location so external radiation can be delivered only where it's needed. Both techniques spare surrounding tissue, meaning side effects are generally minimal and temporary.